Download Causes and Consequences of Feelings (Studies in Emotion and by Leonard Berkowitz PDF

By Leonard Berkowitz

Even though it is widely known that people's emotions can usually effect what they consider, how they suspect, and what they do, systematic investigations of those results are fairly new. Summarizing a lot of what has been realized long ago a number of many years, this e-book appears at how strong and undesirable emotions come up, after which how they could impact suggestion and activities. in addition to exhibiting the often-suprising ways that temper can form judgments and reminiscence, this quantity examines, between different issues, how emotional arousal affects the accuracy of eyewitness testimony, no matter if youth traumas are repressed, and what impression people's emotions have on their susceptibility to persuasive communications.

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34 At this point, you might be wondering about monotony and boredom. Suppose a simple musical jingle is repeated over and over again. Won’t we get tired of it, maybe even annoyed? Two points can be made in answer to such a question. First of all, the repetition-induced increment in liking for the novel stimulus will slow down more rapidly the simpler this stimulus is. In comparison, our appreciation of a relatively complex melody will continue to increase for a longer time as it is repeated.

If the event is thought to be personally relevant, this primary appraisal then judges whether it is consistent or inconsistent with goal attainment. Returning to our earlier hypothetical example, suppose someone hears of Stan Jones’s death in the auto accident. His primary appraisal is to consider what bearing the event has on his own wants and needs and whether Stan’s death is beneficial or harmful to the satisfaction of his desires. In the next step, the secondary appraisal, the person further analyzes the critical incident and, in doing so, establishes a more differentiated emotional experience.

Well, a pleasant melody might not 26 The Nature and Origin of Feelings entirely eliminate a person’s strong anger, but it might at least improve his mood if he has no strong feelings before the music starts. And conversely, unpleasant music that grates on our nerves could well create negative feelings. Although there clearly are individual differences in these effects, music is such a reliable influence on mood states, for a short time anyway, that quite a few experimenters have used musical selections to shape their subjects’ feelings.

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