By Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Dipak Rana, Takeshi Matsuura, Henry C. Foley
This booklet presents an important evaluate of carbon-related membranes. it's going to conceal the advance of carbon-related membranes and membrane modules from its onset to the most recent study on carbon combined matrix membranes. After reviewing development within the research of membrane techniques, the booklet discusses destiny study instructions and potential improvement in that box. a suggestion is supplied for readers who wish to identify their very own laboratories for carbon membrane learn. For this function, unique info on coaching, characterization, and checking out of varied forms of carbon membrane is supplied. layout and development of carbon membrane modules also are defined in detail.
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Extra resources for Carbon-based Membranes for Separation Processes
J Membr Sci 124 (2): 243-251 24. Hayashi J, Mizuta H, Yamamoto M, Kusakabe K, Morooka S (1996) Separation of ethane/ ethylene and propane/propylene systems with a carbonized BPDA-pp′ODA polyimide membrane. Ind Eng Chem Res 35 (11): 4176-4181 25. Hayashi J, Yamamoto M, Kusakabe K, Morooka S (1997) Effect of oxidation on gas permeation of carbon molecular sieve membranes based on BPDA-pp′ODA polyimide. Ind Eng Chem Res 36 (6): 2134-2140 26. Katsaros FK, Steriotis TA, Stubos AK, Mitropoulos A, Kanellopoulos NK, Tennison S (1997) High pressure gas permeability of microporous carbon membranes.
PRs provide a high carbon yield after carbonization . 3. PRs are low cost polymers with numerous applications in different fields . Fuertes and co-workers [12, 46–48, 78] investigated intensively the preparation of carbon membranes from PR precursors. According to Centeno and Fuertes , they coated a small quantity of liquid phenolic resin (Novolak type) on the finely polished surface of a porous carbon disk by means of a spin coating technique. The supported phenolic resin film was cured in air at 150°C for 2Â€h, and then carbonization was carried out in a vertical tubular furnace (Carbolite) at different temperatures (between 500 and 1,000°C) under vacuum.
Kita etÂ€al.  synthesized an unsupported polypyrrolone film by means of a casting method. The authors found that the membranes which had been carbonized at 700°C for 1Â€h gave the highest performance. The membranes exhibited excellent stability up to 500°C without weight loss. The flat carbon membranes were produced for gas separation from coal tar pitch by Liang etÂ€al. . The result showed that the separation power of carbon membranes prepared from coal tar pitch was generally higher by at least three orders of magnitude compared with polymeric membranes.