Download Captured: The Japanese Internment of American Civilians in by Frances Cogan PDF

By Frances Cogan

More than 5 thousand American civilian males, ladies, and kids dwelling within the Philippines in the course of international conflict II have been restrained to internment camps following Japan's past due December 1941 victories in Manila. Captured tells the tale of lifestyle in 5 various camps--the crowded housing, mounting familial and overseas tensions, heavy exertions, and more and more critical malnourishment that made the internees' rescue a race with hunger. Frances B. Cogan explores the occasions at the back of this approximately four-year captivity, explaining how and why this little-known internment happened. a radical historic account, the publication addresses numerous arguable concerns concerning the internment, together with jap intentions towards their prisoners and the U.S. nation Department's position in permitting the presence of yankee civilians within the Philippines in the course of wartime.

Supported via diaries, memoirs, battle crimes transcripts, eastern infantrymen' money owed, scientific facts, and plenty of different resources, Captured offers an in depth and relocating chronicle of the internees' efforts to outlive. Cogan compares residing stipulations in the internment camps with existence in POW camps and with the dwelling stipulations of jap squaddies past due within the struggle. An afterword discusses the stories of internment survivors after the conflict, combining scientific and criminal records with own anecdotes to create a testomony to the millions of usa citizens whose captivity haunted them lengthy after the battle ended.

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Additional info for Captured: The Japanese Internment of American Civilians in the Philippines, 1941-1945

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As even Gleeck agrees, the conflict between rich and poor in the islands was not so much between Filipinos and Americans as it was between rich and poor Filipinos. Gleeck points out, 'There were rich Americans, but none so rich as the wealthy Filipinos" (240). Rich or not, Filipinos did actually serve in their own government. The Filipino legislature, established in 1907, was the first such "native" body in Asia. Furthermore, Filipinos also served as architects, engineers, teachers, army officers in the Philippine Scouts, jninisters, foremen, bureaucrats, members of the city council, and as various officials.

I once counted 15 there. (32) Alva Hill, both a Rotarian and a Mason, concurs with Burgers, explaining that as late as 1941, even Japanese members continued to be admitted to the Rotary (Alva Hill, 241). In Baguio some institutions were integrated but not all. Brent School, for example, restricted its membership to Caucasians —excluding even mestizos (Karnow, 215); thanks to Mayor E. J. Halsema, however, an unrestricted public elementary school (Baguio Central School) was built in 1923. He also supported the city s decision in 1926 not only to subsidize but also to hire four more teachers to improve the faltering Mountain Province High School (Halsema, "E.

S. Army by presidential order, raising the number of troops officially to 100,000 (Schaller, 48). The majority of these troops were raw and barely trained, as well as generally illiterate; many did not even speak a common language. Further, they were armed (if at all) with mostly obsolete weapons. " Falk adds, "Although most of the Philippine Army was barely capable of minimal operations, let alone defeating a seasoned foe, his [MacArthur s] reports to Washington spoke only of progress and increasing strength" (3).

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