By Richard G Davis
This project is a piece of bizarre shape. At its center this paintings is a database overlaying Anglo- American strategic bomber operations opposed to Germany, Italy, and Axis linked or occupied Europe. As such it permits rapid and straightforward directory of daily bombing, bombing of strategic aim platforms via place and tonnage, bombing of particular nations, comparisons folks and British focusing on and operations, and lots more and plenty extra. The paintings information strategic operations purely— B-17 and B-24 bomber sorties through the 4 US numbered air forces within the ecu and Mediterranean theaters (Eighth, 9th, 12th, and 15th) and all bombing sorties for plane assigned to the Royal Air strength (RAF) Bomber Command and RAF 205 team. This definition excludes US twin-engine medium bomb teams, which regularly hit an identical aiming issues as their four-engine compatriots, yet contains twin-engine British Wellington medium bombers and twin-engine British Mosquito, Boston, and Ventura gentle bombers. even though the U.S. heavy and medium bombers had situations of overlapping, concentrating on these circumstances often fell into components of what US doctrine outlined as tactical instead of strategic bombing, reminiscent of frontline troops, transportation amenities feeding front line, and airfields. US medium bombers didn't fly deep into enemy kingdom to assault commercial and strategic pursuits. The case differed for the RAF. Wellingtons and different medium bombers shaped the spine of the most bombing strength from 1940 via past due 1942 and all through 1943 for 205 team. Bomber Command’s shortranged Bostons and Venturas of No. 2 team raided French ports, energy vegetation, and business ambitions till shifting to Tactical Bomber strength in may perhaps 1943. Likewise, Mosquitoes performed a variety of hit-and-run sunlight raids until eventually could of 1943 after which switched to nighttime harassing assaults on German inhabitants facilities, relatively Berlin, till the war’s finish. Such bombing furthered Bomber Command’s crusade opposed to the morale of the German exertions strength.
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Extra info for Bombing the European Axis Powers
Otherwise the attacker had to illuminate the aiming point with either electronics or pyrotechnics or a combination of the two. Flares existing at the start of the war proved pitifully inadequate—if for no other reason than financial exigencies had prevented any exercises with them. Developing long-burning flares and marker bombs with a minimum of drift and accurate ballistics took time and competed with other high-priority programs. Not until August 30 Part I 5/31/06 1:42 PM Page 31 INTRODUCTION 1942, after experiments by individual bomb groups, did the command establish a dedicated Pathfinder force (PFF) to mark and illuminate targets just before and during the assaults of the main force.
No longer would bombs strike targets as much by sheer luck as by intent. Heavy bomber production continued to retain high priority in the British economy, in spite of the pleas of the Royal Army and Navy, both heavily involved in the war against Japan. Given the long lead times in the production of major new items of equipment, the reversal of the bombers’ production priority would have led to chaos in war production and would have done little for the other services for several years. With bomber production virtually locked in, Bomber Command could count on a growing force of first-line, modern four-engine aircraft with hefty bomb lift capacity and long range.
Bomber Command continued to participate in the Circuses until September 1941 when it became obvious that the campaign would not weaken German defenses enough to allow resumption of daylight bombing. Fighter Command, under its opinionated AOC Air Marshal Sir W. Sholto Douglas, continued to commit one-third of its forces to daylight fighter sweeps until August 1942. Douglas, as had the leadership of Bomber Command in a different instance, fell into the trap of complete acceptance of pilot reports.