Download Birth By Design: Pregnancy, Maternity Care and Midwifery in by R. De Vries PDF

By R. De Vries

This assortment brings jointly the best learn in maternity care from the U.S., Canada and Europe to debate structures of take care of being pregnant and childbirth. delivery through Design's essays concentrate on the sensible facet of 'good' social technological know-how and 'feminist pleasant' examine. this can be a ground-breaking paintings that appears not just at maternity, but additionally the act of childbirth. The aim of beginning via layout is to supply not only comparative views of care, yet to combine the variations in care inside of every one essay for a really foreign figuring out of maternity care.

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Additional resources for Birth By Design: Pregnancy, Maternity Care and Midwifery in North America and Europe

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Some of the impetus for hospitalization was a concern with the safety of housing conditions. As in Finland, calls for bringing 20 BIRTH BY DESIGN birth into the hospital were accompanied by plans for long postpartum stays. A minimum of ten days was recommended in 1952. In 1970 the government took the final step in hospitalizing birth, recommending “that sufficient facilities should be provided to allow for 100 percent hospital delivery. The greater safety of hospital confinement for mother and child justifies this objective” (Campbell & MacFarlane 1994, p.

21 FIGURE 1–2. Percent Home Births, United States and United Kingdom, 1989–1997. K. S. K. Data: 2000. , vol. 2, tables by A. MacFarlane, M. Mugford, J. Henderson, A. Furtado, J. Stevens, and A. Dunn (London: The Stationary Office). S. Data: Annual Reports of Final Natality Statistics (Hyattsville, MD: NCHS). , 14% of the total sample] said they would like the choice of a home birth” (p. 23). The Expert Maternity Group concluded: “Women should receive clear, unbiased advice and be able to choose where they would like their baby to be born.

Seeking to elevate the nascent specialty of obstetrics, physicians led the campaign against midwifery. The presence of midwives, many of them immigrants, significantly complicated efforts to promote the obstetric specialty. Joseph De Lee, founder of the Chicago Lying-in Hospital, noted: “Do you wonder that a young man will not adopt this field as his special work? If a delivery requires so little brains and skill that a midwife can conduct it, there is no place for him” (quoted in Litoff 1978, p.

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