By Alison Henry
The examine of comparative syntax in heavily comparable languages has yielded priceless insights into syntactic phenomena--for instance within the learn of the Romance languages--yet little comparative paintings has been performed on English dialects. this is often the 1st comparability of the syntax of Belfast English and conventional English, utilizing Chomsky's "Principles and Parameters"/Minimalist framework. Alison Henry analyzes numerous Belfast English buildings and their common English opposite numbers to achieve perception into either English syntax and syntactic thought commonly. within the method, she makes important facts on Belfast English available for the 1st time.
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Additional resources for Belfast English and Standard English: Dialect Variation and Parameter Setting (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
57) (58) He and I seen them. We students done the work. On the other hand, the combination of nominative pronouns with singular concord is judged to be completely ungrammatical. Assuming that in the structures in question pronouns may freely either appear in their strong form or receive the Case assigned to the Subject-Verb 5 larger NP of which they are part, it seems that singular concord is incompatible with the nominative Case. Thus, our analysis of singular concord must exclude the possibility of nominative Case being checked in this construction.
Note that it is only pronouns which show Case in English, and therefore the constraint excluding nominative Case-marked items could be either a constraint on nominative Case-checking in the construction, or a constraint on the appearance of pronouns in it: both would have the same effect, since only pronouns show nominative Case. Before we can decide whether it is nominative Case-marked items per se, or (weak) pronouns that are excluded from singular concord, we need to look in more detail at exactly which pronouns cannot have singular concord; we also need to consider whether there are general constraints on pronoun positions which could account for the exclusion of nominative Case-marked pronouns from occurring with singular concord.
However, the fact that in both varieties the object fails to raise out of VP (with certain exceptions: see Chapter 3) indicates that the strength of features of AGRS and AGR0 is not necessarily identical. Note that singular concord occurs both with verbs which raise in the syntax and those which do not raise until LF; in the latter case, the subject raises to SPEC/Tense for checking in the syntax, but the verb does not move until LF. Thus, it seems that the -s ending which appears with singular concord is pure Tense-marking.