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By A. B. Zahlan

Taking an historic standpoint, this ebook outlines the evolution of the Arab development undefined, reading the purchase, accumulation and institutionalization of know-how through Arab consulting and contracting businesses. The examine is ready for the foreign Labour Office.

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Extra info for Acquiring Technological Capacity: A Study of Arab Consulting and Contracting Firms

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In addition, the Arab States have established a large number of specialised organisations, institutions and companies. These mayor- may not include all the Arab States. Here one finds the Organisation of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries and its progeny of oil-related institutions and the Arab Federation of Chambers of Commerce, Agriculture and Industry. These institutions have naturally contributed to the development of cooperative commercial firms - public and private - between the Arab States.

The sudden wealth of the oil-producing Construction in the Arab world 39 countries was not commensurate with their planning capabilities; this became an important factor for packaging expenditure into large projects. Furthermore, the limited technical capabilities of Arab parastatals made business negotiations between them and nascent consulting and contracting firms difficult. By contrast, international firms had the requisite track record; they very quickly established "partnerships" or "representative" offices with local men of influence.

24 CONSEQUENCES The national consulting and contracting firms that emerged in Phase Three have grown in size, number and competence over the years. With a turnover of the order of $40-50 billion (Chapter 3) these firms are substantial by any standard. Nevertheless, the development of Arab consulting and contracting firms is still constrained by inherited practices. A web of procedures, attitudes and policies that evolved during Phases One and Two sustain patterns that militate against indigenous participation.

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